Jan Vermeer is an artist from the Netherlands, a master of genre portraiture and household painting. Almost nothing is known about his life, most of his biography is based on assumptions. Despite this, he is judged by paintings and is called one of the great masters of the golden age of Dutch art. He did not have students, he had a family and paints.
We see a grand canvas. The artist was able to portray contemporary peasant Russia. It arises, as if from some wonderful haze. It is simply impossible to capture the whole earth, it is so huge. The artist looks at fields, hills, rivers and copses from a great height, it seems that he soars with the birds.
Bosch is one of the masters of the Northern Renaissance, whose style is still difficult for experts to determine. They say that he was a madman or a sectarian. That with his paintings he described black magic, which he was engaged in or which he had witnessed. Or that he was a surrealist, splashing images onto the canvas directly from the subconscious - often his name pops up with the name of Salvador Dali.
Gauguin is a traveler, a French postmodern artist, who rejected the image of reality existing, which the realists wrote, and the soul movements that the impressionists tried to capture, and instead created to reveal certain immutable laws of the universe, characteristic of him.
The painting was created in the years 1509 - 1511. Rafael dedicated his mural to the theme of poetry, which has never faded at all times. In the very center we see the famous Parnassus. Apollo plays the flute. He was surrounded by muses. Each of them has in their hands the object with which she was usually portrayed. All the writers and poets of different eras gathered here.
Michelangelo is one of the greatest masters of the Renaissance. The sculptor, first of all, he also painted, wrote poetry, was a famous thinker of his time. Speaking about his ancestors, they mention Mesir Simone, Count di Canossa, but there is no documentary evidence of this origin and now it seems doubtful.
The avant-garde artist Natalya Sergeevna Goncharova, who worked at the beginning of the twentieth century, in her works was not limited to one style. She was interested in such trends as futurism and cubism. But most of her work was done in the style of neo-primitivism. The artist was inspired by folk art, especially popular prints, Russian iconography, as well as images of pagan gods.
Zhukovsky is a master of landscape, and Forest Lake is one of his very traditional works. The painting depicts a forest lake, a surface of water bounded by distant shores. Trees grow on them, there is a rickety booth - someone's boat shed, perhaps? - and over the lake there is a huge blue sky that resembles the sea in its infinity.
“Dance among the swords” is a painting by the Russian artist Semiradsky, which is surprising in that there is nothing in it of the chanting of the native land that is familiar to Russian artists. It was usually considered good manners to praise the people, or delicate white birches, or at least historical moments. Paintings like the painting of Semiradsky were considered by the Wanderers to be a "thistle to be weeded."
Tatyana Nazarenko is one of the artists of the turn of the eras who worked under the Soviet Union and safely transferred her gift, as a banner, to modern Russia. Her paintings are usually plot or portray people. The perspective in them is often disturbed, the characters who should not collide, appear in one place at one time.
In the Louvre, a gigantic picture, amazing in magnitude, of the creator’s gift is exhibited - “Marriage in Cana of Galilee”. The famous Venetian artist Paolo Veronese painted the canvas throughout the year. In 1563 he completed the grandiose work that was placed in the refectory of the Catholic monastery by the monks San Giorgio Maggiore who ordered it.
Salvador Dali is the most famous surrealist artist, whom everyone remembers for his fusible, soft watches flowing from branches. His name is mentioned when they start to recall extravagant eccentrics or when a topic pops up about how modern art is incomprehensible to a person, and in his years he was a real cultural phenomenon, a universal favorite, a genius who wiped his feet over the worshiping audience over and over again.
Avilov depicted the battle that took place between the Russian hero and the warrior of the Tatars. It was from him that the battle on Kulikovo Field began. Avilov painted this canvas when the defense of Stalingrad was on. The artist said that the composition of his paintings is incredibly simple. In the center, we see two horses rearing up.
Nesterov is a Russian Wanderer artist, of those who, foreseeing dissatisfaction brewing in the country and its resolution (like a thunderstorm resolves with thunder, so people's anger should degenerate into a revolution) painted warning, full of hidden meaning pictures. They showed the life of ordinary people, his sorrows and troubles.
The last masterpiece of the Dutch brilliant painter is the group portrait of Sindiki. Rembrandt fulfilled the order for the organization at the guild of drafters in Amsterdam. Each year, new members were elected to the council, whose duties included monitoring the quality of fabrics made in the city and selecting the best fabric samples.
The painting was painted in 1918, which is considered the year of still lifes in the work of a famous artist. Letters of the author to his mother will help to better understand what prompted the creation of such a picture. From them it becomes known that Petrov-Vodkin was tired of life in such difficult times. He was increasingly visited by thoughts about the place of man on earth and specifically his role for humanity.
In the fine arts of the 16th century - the time of the sunset of the Renaissance - the topic of complete spiritual change was very popular. After the hymn of sensuality and materiality inherent in the Renaissance, other times come when all this begins to lose its relevance. And artists find new ideas for self-expression in accordance with the mood in society.
For a specific manner of drawing, Rousseau was nicknamed an amateur, although Picasso and his entourage admired his paintings. The reason for such unflattering reviews was the manner of Rousseau to paint his paintings. The artist took the world absolutely at ease. This lightness of his did not find a reciprocal understanding in the views of critics, for whom Rousseau's paintings were too naive.
The painting was created in 1938. Deineka was seriously interested in aviation. It is no coincidence that several of his works are devoted to this particular topic. In the 30s, the painter often traveled to Crimea. After a trip to Sevastopol, his painting “Future Pilots” appeared. The composition was built really masterfully. The seaplane, which is gradually decreasing, unites the horizon, the sea and three boys.
Venus and Adonis has its roots in Ovid's Metamorphoses, which tell the story of the first mortal who became Venus’s lover. Adonis was a young hunter, and Venus, when she was with him, often warned him about how dangerous this could be for him. But the young man did not listen to the warnings of the goddess and everything ended tragically - on one of the hunts a wild boar lifted him to death.
“Temptation”, like a story concluded on canvas, poses a difficult moral question for the viewer. The picture shows a dark cramped room, poor furnishings, a single window. On the bed, covered with gray curtains, lies, turned away from the light, dried up old woman. Her face is covered with wrinkles, her hand covers her stomach, her handkerchief is on her gray hair - and although it is a white day outside, she does not get out of bed.