Description of the painting by Rembrandt "Lesson in Anatomy of Dr. Tulp"

Description of the painting by Rembrandt

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In the 17th century, an action in which many prominent physicians, surgeons, and even ordinary lay people gathered was extremely popular in European countries - such an action was a public autopsy and anatomical study of a human corpse. It was this moment that the great Rembrandt depicted in his picture. The artist finds scientists behind a careful examination of the hand of a corpse that lies on an anatomical table, and interested faces of doctors bent around it.

The painting, created in 1632, was painted with the doctor of anatomy Nicholas Tulp and his colleagues. The names of the other characters in the picture are also known: Andrian Slabran, Jacob de Witt, Jacob Colevelt, Matthews Kalkun, Frans Vann Lunen, Jacob Blok and Harman Harmans. The name of the troupe is Adrian Adrians, during his lifetime he was a thief and a robber, for which he was sentenced to death by hanging. The procedure described on the canvas is scientifically called autopsy, such an autopsy was performed once a year by the Amsterdam Surgeon Guild, everyone who wanted to attend was present, the elders of the guild specially invited artists to capture their skill.

Rembrandt spent a lot of time drawing details of the troupe, trying to show the inexhaustible scientific interest that doctors and surgeons had in studying the internal structure of man. The troupe is illuminated so that all the smallest details are drawn, especially the anatomized hand, over which Tulp himself bent.

It is now clear that some of the details of the painting were completed by the artist after the painting was completed. Such details, for example, are the hand itself, in the place of which there was a stump of the brush, since it was customary for the thieves to chop off the hand itself before execution, as well as a painted character who was not originally in the picture.

The canvas is made with dark colors, however, the faces and silhouettes of those present are clearly visible, as well as the facial expressions of everyone who takes part in the action.

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Watch the video: Rembrandt: The power of his self portraits. National Gallery (February 2023).